Nutrient Pollution is one of America's most widespread, expensive and challenging environmental problems. Nutrient Pollution is caused when there is excess nitrogen and phosphorus in the water and air. Nitrogen and phosphorus are a key element to the growth of algae and aquatic plants, which provide food and habitat for fish. When there is too much nitrogen and phosphorus in the water it causes algae to grow at a rapid rate, and lots of algae, leads to harmful water quality, food resources and reduces oxygen.
There is Nutrient pollution in ground water as well, which numerous amounts of people in the United States use as their drinking water. United States Environmental Protection Agency recently posted an article "The Problem" stating that " Excess nitrogen in the atmosphere can produce pollutants such as ammonia and ozone, which can impair our ability to breathe, limit visibility and alter plant growth". Also, when excess nitrogen returns to earth from the atmosphere, it can harm health of forests, soils and waterways. Nutrient Pollution is a huge issue in America that people are not aware of.